Julia Bloom’s Blog describes my past work and career experiences, and gives tips on how you can be both flexible and creative at work.

Practicing Immersive Design-Part 4


Chapter 5 of “Designing Immersive 3D Experiences” focuses on prototyping your XR designs in the real world before you commit to any one method. As I’ve learned in my college design classes, prototyping allows you to quickly try out many ideas in a simplified form without having to invest time and energy in fully developing them. Not only does this method let you spot errors and correct problems with your designs quickly, it’s much easier to fix design issues while prototyping than it is when the project is almost finished. AR and MR prototypes can be as simple as UI designs sketched on plastic transparencies, which allow you to conceptualize how the program will work with the real world environment. 

This chapter’s exercise involves folding and flying 10 different designs of paper airplanes in three stages, modifying the prototypes over time to try to make them fly further than before. Since the book requires that I don’t look up folding instructions beforehand, and because I hadn’t folded paper airplanes in a while, I came up with some interesting designs.

My first five planes were tested in a hallway, with plane 4 going the furthest overall. Examining it, I hypothesized this was because of its long, thin shape, and a long fold down the middle allowing air to pass through.

The second stage was to fold three more airplanes based on the design of plane 4, and test them and the previous winner to see which one was best. Surprisingly plane 3.5 won easily, with plane 4 only making 4th place. I guessed that plane 3.5’s triangular shape and extended flaps made it more “plane like,” and allowed it to fly further than plane 4. 

Finally, I needed to fold two more planes based on the new winner, and fly all three to determine the champion! Once again, plane 3.5 won handily, even though my two new planes (4.0 and 5.0) also had extended flaps and middle folds. The winning plane was much more compact than the other two, which reduced its drag and let it fly further than the other larger ones. Although I’m not an aeronautical engineer, this prototype process taught me a few tips on how to make a good paper airplane, while showing how rapid testing allows you to discover and correct product issues on the fly. 


Next time I get to play video games for the chapter exercise! And I know just the game to practice with. Stay tuned!

Stevens, Renee. Designing Immersive 3D Experiences. Pearson Education Inc., 2022. p. 107-133. 


Practicing Immersive Design-Part 3


Today’s chapter of “Designing Immersive 3D Experiences” focuses on Ideation, and emphasizes that the start point of any MR design project is to identify what the product is, why you are creating it, and what problem it will solve for users. Any project simply made for its own sake, or made to use shiny new technology, will lack focus and fail to gain a user base. This reminds me of “Backward Design,” which I studied at an Online Class Design Course at Harvard Extension School. Developed by Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe in their book “Understanding by Design,” Backward Design requires that teachers establish the learning goals of their course first, and then base all other elements of the class (lesson plans, learning activities, etc) around these goals. Establishing these goals makes for a more focused project, as the designer can focus on how best to teach the users/students, identify confusing parts of the content, and determine how to clarify those elements for better learning. For more information on Backwards Design, check out Mr. Wiggins explaining it in detail at Avenues: The World School YouTube channel. 

After figuring out the “why” of a design project, Ms. Stevens suggests also determining the rest of the “Five W’s,” the Who, What, When, Where, and How of your project. Once those are established, the designer can brainstorm using divergent thinking. This involves coming up with multiple ideas for project concepts by thinking about random words in order to adjust thinking patterns and come up with ideas that the designer might not otherwise consider. Once a large pool of ideas is established, the designer narrows them down to just a few options using convergent thinking, combining ideas with commonalities and rejecting those that aren’t feasible. This chapter’s exercise follows a similar tactic, asking me to choose a random word and draw a “mind map” of association words linked to it. My word was “employee,” and I used it to create this mind map.

My map is based around my current work experience at Encore Global, and includes some of my daily tasks (set/strike, training), the names of my managers (Paul, Carl) and the main focuses of the job (customer service, focus, clients.) I had limited time to complete this map, but I feel that if I used divergent thinking to expand the number of ideas, I could come up with a potential project for how to make day to day work at Encore easier. 



Bowen, Ryan. “Understanding by Design.” Vanderbilt University Center for Teaching,, cft.vanderbilt.edu/guides-sub-pages/understanding-by-design/. Accessed 9th August, 2023. 

Stevens, Renee. Designing Immersive 3D Experiences. Pearson Education Inc., 2022. pg. 83-106. 

Wiggins, Grant. “Grant Wiggins-Understanding by Design (1 of 2).” YouTube, uploaded by Avenues The World School, 7th May, 2013. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4isSHf3SBuQ&t=92s

Wiggins, Grant. “Grant Wiggins-Understanding by Design (2 of 2).” YouTube, uploaded by Avenues The World School, 7th May, 2013. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vgNODvvsgxM


Practicing Immersive Design-Part 2


Chapter 3 of “Designing Immersive 3D Experiences” focuses on how to create 3D models and scenes, like assembling objects in a school diorama project. You can use basic “primitive” shapes like cubes or pyramids, or have a spline, a complicated curved or slanted line, generate a unique shape. You can then add materials, colors or textures, and textures, specific images to your shapes to decorate them. I’m already familiar with textures, as they remind me of basic animations I saw on computer screensavers as a kid. Since assembling a scene in Extended Reality (XR) is the focus of this chapter, the exercise this time focuses on building shapes. 

It requires me to “select a primitive shape-cube, prism, cone, or cylinder” and create it using toothpicks held together by marshmallows, or another sticky material. I used apricots for this exercise, as I was out of marshmallows at the time. The second part of the challenge involved recreating objects in my room using the same marshmallow-and-toothpick construction method. (82) I quickly realized that making models with curved or circular edges is difficult as toothpicks usually make straight lines. Since it’s more difficult to make splines in real life than digitally, I think that using pipe cleaners in this exercise will make it easier to construct more complex models. As shown with the replica of my Nintendo Switch below, the curved parts of its joycons with difficult to recreate. 

At this point I wondered if all the exercises would be experiential, and when I would get to use actual software to practice my modeling skills. In the later chapters of this book, the activities involve using Adobe Dimension to start creating prototype 3D models and more. I haven’t used this software before, but I’m looking forward to getting my feet wet as I complete this book. 

(Stevens, Renee. Designing Immersive 3D Experiences. Pearson Education Inc., 2022. p. 82.)


 Practicing Immersive Design-Part 1


While browsing my local library, I found a book titled “Designing Immersive 3D Experiences” by Renée Stevens gracing the New Books section. I immediately checked it out, as VR, Projection Mapping, and similar technologies have always fascinated me, both for their beauty and immersive qualities. The book contains a series of hands-on exercises designed to teach readers the principles of immersive design, while providing information on key concepts and knowledge involved in the field. My next few blog posts will show how I perform these exercises, and any other insights or ideas I develop while reading this book.

The first exercise, after chapter 2, involves looking around the room you are in (in this case, my bedroom) and seeing how AR could improve it:

  • Consider the use of that room and what actions typically happen there.
    Consider how you use it, but also how others would use the room.
    What ways could AR be added to that space to improve it?
    What actions could be enhanced through the addition of a layer of information within the same space?
  • First, come up with ten different ideas for just the room you are in. Then take three of these that you are most excited about, and sketch out a rough drawing of what the AR experience would look like in its simplest form-for example, an augmented clock on the wall or a weather app next to your front door giving you real-time data about what it’s like outside. (Stevens 50)

List of AR Ideas

The list of eleven ideas I came up with included some basic things, like a clock, and a zoomable calendar that I could view and edit with minimal gestures. It also included some “fun to have” things, like the star ceiling and soothing music to relax to at night. Although I didn’t choose it for the final three ideas, I really like the idea of scanning a book on my shelf with just a glance, and then reading it later on a handheld device like a Kindle, or using a Head Mounted Display like Google Glasses. I chose an AR clock because I’d like to check the time without getting out of bed in the morning, and also avoid the doubt of “wait, did I set the alarm?” right after getting in bed. The calendar accomplishes the same basic functions of seeing what events are coming up on the go, and the star ceiling is both for fun and relaxation purposes.

AR Calendar

In addition to appointments and alerts, my AR calendar has a weather function (with clothing suggestions), links relevant files (like train tickets or my work schedule) attached to corresponding events, and a map link to help me with directions if needed. It also can attach to Facebook or other social media pages to alert me to notifications such as friends birthdays, and is available in week, month, and year views. Google Calendar does have several of these features currently, but I think having everything on one page in AR would help people better manage their schedules.

AR Clock

My AR clock has an alarm function (with selectable tone or music built in), as well as the same weather function as the calendar. It also links to my AR calendar, and allows users to easily set, snooze, and turn off alarms. It also displays appropriate greetings like “Good Morning” or “Good Night,” but can also show date specific greetings like “Happy Birthday” or “Happy Thanksgiving.” Since most people tend to loathe their alarm clocks, my goal is make this AR clock as approachable and easy to use as possible.

AR Star Sky

My AR Star Sky comes in two modes: Day Mode and Sleep Mode. While the evening function shows season appropriate stars with soothing music, the Day Mode is used for learning about stars and space more in-depth. You can see what the night sky looks like in different places and times of year, see illustrations and stories explaining constellation names, and even track upcoming shuttle launches from government and private space agencies. For example, you could watch future mission launches live and track the spaceship’s course, or view information on historic missions like the Apollo program, complete with archival footage and audio. Planets and stars would also be searchable, and events like solar eclipses and meteor showers could be searched and bookmarked for daily reminders. This feature could be used for individual study, or in a science classroom for K-12 students with grad appropriate content.

I am enjoying this workbook so far, and plan to complete each exercise to build my skills in immersive design. Are there any similar resources that you would recommend for learning skills in immersive design and multimedia? If so, feel free to post them in the comments below. In the meantime, I need to go buy some mini marshmallows for the next chapter!


(Stevens, Renée. Designing Immersive 3D Experiences. Pearson Education Inc., 2022. p. 50.)

Lessons From The State House Tours Desk


Next week I will start an exciting new job as an Audio Visual Technician at Encore Global. I am thrilled to have this opportunity to advance my multimedia skills while helping my new team produce amazing events for our clients. However, every new beginning requires an ending, as I am leaving my position as a State House Tour Guide that I held for the past nine years. I will miss my fellow tour guides, but I will take with me lessons in customer service and public speaking to my new position and beyond. 

The most important of these lessons is to be flexible in changing situations. Since the Massachusetts State House is a public building, you can never predict who will come in for a tour on any given day. Scheduled tours could be much larger or smaller than predicted, legislators could schedule day-of tours for their constituents, and rooms like the House and Senate chambers could be closed for events to name a few examples. I’d also sometimes have to make quick adjustments during my tours, such as stopping early so my group could meet with their legislators, avoiding rooms that were occupied for events, and using the elevator and wheelchair lift to accommodate visitors with strollers or mobility issues. I quickly learned that our daily schedule was not set in stone, as tours could be canceled, adjusted, or added at any time. The COVID-19 pandemic made this even more clear, as I needed to work from home for the initial months of the State House’s closure and switch to creating digital educational content for the State House website.

Another lesson I learned was to calmly handle rude and difficult patrons. We would sometimes get visitors who had come to complain to their legislators about an issue, visitors with mental health issues, and irate callers who were trying to reach other State House officials. Although I hated getting yelled at, I handled difficult visitors and callers as calmly and professionally as I could. If I had difficulties with them, or felt unsafe, I would discuss the issue with my Manager, and we would determine if the case needed to be escalated to the Rangers office. I also was patient and empathetic with visitors and callers who needed to access essential services like unemployment benefits and were frustrated that I couldn’t help them. For those cases I made sure I gave the visitor or caller accurate contact information to the department they needed to reach, and made clear that my job was to help them find accurate information to resolve their issue. 

Finally, I learned about the importance of careful listening in the workplace. Although I soon picked up on common questions, such as “where’s the bathroom?” and “why is Massachusetts called a Commonwealth?” I sometimes got vague questions from visitors who had heard an offhand story about state history or the State House building, or based their inquiry off of inaccurate assumptions about how state government works. I needed to carefully listen to these questions and ask the visitor more questions if I was confused in order to interpret what they were asking about and give a good answer. I also found that solid communication was essential for giving visitors clear instructions about tour policies, logistics, and directions around the building and to nearby tourist sites in Boston.

I know that these skills will serve me well at my new position with Encore Global, as effective communication, handling frustrated clients, and adjusting to changing plans are needed to organize and pull off successful events. I look forward to seeing where this new opportunity will take me in my future career.


FutureLearn-A Review


While perusing job listings on museumsavy.com, I was introduced to a website called FutureLearn, which offered degrees, microcredentials, and individual courses in fields ranging from computer science to literature. Intrigued, I signed up for a yearly subscription, hoping I could learn extra skills that would help market me better in my job search. 

I am currently taking courses in Object Based Python Programming, Interview Skills, and Creating Digital Video for Online Courses. Each course takes the form of various asynchronous videos, articles, and activities that take between two and three weeks to complete, with links to outside resources that can provide additional information. The courses are easy to navigate, with sequential links leading to the next segment of a course, and information provided in easy to understand videos and paragraphs. The videos were also closed captioned, which is good for accessibility and helped me complete lessons during slow times at work without disturbing others. The biggest weakness of the courses was a lack of feedback from teachers and interactions with students. There are chat boxes at the bottom of each lesson page, but they only provide limited interactivity with other students, and there is no clear way to ask for help from the instructors if you run into a problem. I would recommend that FutureLearn add an option to contact the instructors to ask questions or raise concerns with the class, as well as a video chat feature where students can meet each other and the instructor or TA to debrief on the week’s classes and how everyone’s experiences have been so far. Overall, I think FutureLearn is a solid platform for building career skills, but it can be improved to enhance learning by building community and becoming more user friendly.

Takeaways from AAM 2022


I attended the conference for the first time this year as it was in my hometown of Boston, and I was eager (desperate?) to gain contacts in the museum industry. At the time I was coming to the end of a temporary position at the Museum of Science, Boston as an Online Programs Tech Assistant. I enjoyed the job, as it incorporated my three passions of digital media, video production, and museum education into one, but only for a 6 month period. As openings for similar positions that were not exclusively in digital marketing were rare, I figured some networking at a professional conference couldn’t hurt.

I had to work on Thursday, but I joined a group from the Association of Academic Museums and Galleries for an art gallery walk at the SoWa Design District and dinner that evening. It was my first time at the District, and I enjoyed viewing the unique art and socializing over drinks with the group. Plus, I got to vent about annoying visitors at work with professionals who knew what I was going through, and were happy to share their own stories.

I arrived early to the BCEC on Friday for my first day of the conference, and after getting my badge, I went straight to the First Time Attendees Breakfast. We were served eggs, bacon, and coffee while a local organizer dressed as the Mad Hatter from Alice in Wonderland gave advice on how to make the most out of our experiences. He also tried to connect attending the Annual Meeting to Alice falling into Wonderland in a strained metaphor, which did not seem to land well in the packed full conference room. For my first impression of the con, it came across as odd and didn’t inspire much confidence.

The rest of the day was taken up by workshops, keynotes, and exploring the well-stocked dealers hall. I got to meet a lot of staff from companies working with digital media, while practicing my elevator pitch and enjoying free coffee from the Electrosonic booth. I also ran out of business cards within two hours. (Mental Note: bring extra cards tomorrow.) After a brief dinner at the evening social hour (featuring large platters of comfort food) I left early to get enough sleep for the next day. 

Saturday started with me meeting Genevieve Cleary and her colleague from The Hum for coffee at the Omni Hotel. Ms. Cleary had sent me an email asking to meet and discuss her immersive sound exhibit that had just debuted at SXSW the previous week. Although I was initially skeptical, I was drawn in by her plans for the exhibit, and we discussed how it could be used in an exhibit about the science of sound in the future. I had to clarify that I was not in a position to make exhibition and programming decisions for the Museum of Science, and I was unsure if I was the right person to pass the information along. I had to repeat this point many times over the course of the conference, as most vendors would launch their sales spiel as soon as I approached their booths, when all I wanted was to express my interest in possibly working for their company. I still have emails in my inbox from company reps asking me to set up sales meetings for the Museum, which is flattering and embarrassing at the same time. That evening we were bussed to the Museum of Science for an evening party, featuring a DJ, drinks, and a limited selection of cafeteria food. After talking to some attendees, I found that the AAM Meeting parties used to be fancier, but the pandemic and related budget issues at the Museum had limited the offerings available. 

Sunday was the last day of the conference, and I attended an interesting presentation about promoting diversity and including the voices of POC in museums and cultural centers. However, a post on the Instagram page “Change The Museum” that I saw after the conference informed me that almost all of the diversity focused panels were presented on the last day, with some directly conflicting with each other. While the conference was organized around the keynotes so that the same themes were presented in specific time blocks, it does not look good for AAM to save the inclusion and diversity slots for last. I believe that confronting racism and bigotry in museums while promoting inclusion is one of the biggest issues museums are confronting today, and so they should be front and center instead of an afterthought. The dealer’s hall closed earlier than I expected that day, and I had to rush back to buy a candle I wanted from 54 Degrees Celsius in the Museum Gift Store side of the hall. The Museum Store Association was holding their conference in the BCEC at the same time as the AAM Meeting, and I got to see a large variety of merchandise on display, from candy to decorative ponchos. By midday the conference was over, and I left with many flyers, business cards, and pieces of candy offered by the vendors. 

Overall, the 2022 AAM Annual Meeting was fun and informative, but did not offer all the opportunities I was looking for. There was little in the way of information on furthering my career in museum technology, and the busy schedule and large social events made it hard for me to talk to people one on one for more than a few minutes. On the plus side, I got to meet a lot of people in the field, and hopefully, one or more of those contacts will help me out in my future career.

“The AAM Annual Meeting was my first time attending a professional museum conference, and it was a positive experience for me that allowed me to make connections I wouldn’t have otherwise.”

Contact Me

I’d love to hear from you! Feel free to reach out anytime.

Cell: 781-526-4722

Work Email: julia.bloom@psav.com

 Home Email: jbloom730@gmail.com

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